High speed internet is now as essential to education as books and blackboards once were. Learning materials, homework assignments, and tests have mostly all migrated to online platforms, necessitating that schools have reliable internet connectivity and that teachers and students master digital tools for information, interaction, and demonstration of knowledge.  With the ubiquity of digital technology  increasing even in early childhood classrooms, computers with broadband access have become normalized in the pre-K through 12 educational environment.

But the role of digital technologies is not limited to K-12 classrooms. Two- and four-year colleges, professional and pre-professional training programs, and jobs skills development and re-training programs have all experienced steady increases in the number of courses, certificates, and degrees offered in a partly or completely online format.  Even traditional classrooms, such as chemistry labs and studio classes, make extensive use of digital tools and equipment.  And school and program applications place almost all of their application, and financial services online, making success and support in these programs dependent on access to high speed internet and an accomplished level of skill with digital tools.